What is a terrarium?
A terrarium is usually a sealable glass container containing soil
and plants, and can be opened for maintenance to access the
plants inside. Terrarium's are perfect to shopw your support for
Eath Day on the 22nd April. Earth Day is an annual event
celebrated around the world to demonstrate support for
Where do terrariums originate from?
The first terrarium was developed by botanist Nathaniel
Bagshaw Ward in 1842. Ward had an interest in observing
insect behaviour and accidentally left one of the jars
unattended. A fern spore in the jar grew, germinated into a
plant, and this jar resulted in the first terrarium.
How do you make a terrarium?
To make a DIY terrarium, you’ll need:
- Glass Vessel – You’ll need some sort of glass vessel tocreate your terrarium. There are plenty of unique containers from which to choose. Just make sure that the vessel is made of a transparent material so you can enjoy your mini-garden.
- Small Stones or Pebbles – Small stones or pebbles willbe used as the base of your terrarium. The small pebbles act as water drainage for the plants’ roots to ensure that excess water doesn’t stay in the soil and cause rot.
- Activated Charcoal – You won’t need much; a thin layer of activated charcoal keeps water fresh and helps to fight off bacterial growth in your terrarium.
- Potting Soil – Potting soil will act as an important layer for your DIY terrarium. Any type of soil should do the trick, although there are special mixes available if you’re planting cacti or succulents.
- Terrarium Plants – It wouldn’t be a terrarium without the greenery. Pick out a few of your favourite pint-sized plants to use in your terrarium. Air plants, succulents and maybe a cactus are all viable options. See our complete list of recommended terrarium plants below.
- Small Gardening Tools – Having small tools handy will help you create and situate all of the items in your DIY terrarium.
Step 1: Cover the bottom of your terrarium with a 1 ½ inch-thick
layer of small stones or pebbles. The bottom layer of small
pebbles will act as drainage for your terrarium.
Step 2: Add a very thin layer of activated charcoal. This will
keep water fresh and fight off any bacterial growth in your
Step 3: Add a layer of potting soil. As we mentioned, any
potting soil mix will do, although if you’re planting succulents or
cacti there are specialized mixes you can use. You’ll want to
add enough potting soil so that it’s deep enough for your plants
to root into it. We recommend a layer that’s about 2 ½ inches.
For this particular terrarium, we used 2 inches of potting soil.
Step 4: Now it’s time to add your plants. Start by planting your
largest plant first. Remove the plant from its container and
prune the roots as you would when repotting any plant.
Then, make a hole in the soil large enough to fit the plants’
roots. Next, nestle the plant into the soil. It’s easiest to work your way
from the back to the front of your terrarium. There’s no rhyme
or reason to the design of your terrarium, play around with the
Can I attend a terrarium workshop?
Flowers at Moor Street run 'How to create a terrarium workshop'
held in Birmingham City Centre- for £35.00, you get to make a
terrarium with one of the team from Flowers At Moor Street.
Our Terrarium workshops give people a chance to learn a new
skill, get creative and connect with nature! Plants in these
closed vessels become self-sustaining, living off the water that
they produce through the condensation collected on the glass!
In our workshops, you will learn how to garden under glass! Click in the link below;
What is normally planted in a terrarium?
Cacti and succulents are popular plants to put in terrariums;
some unusual options are:
- Friendship Plant. (The friendship plant grows to 12 inches tall and has distinct leaves with deep craters).
- East Indian Holly Fern.
- Watermelon Peperomia.
- Starfish Flower Cactus.
- Nerve Plant.
- Baby Tears Plant.
- Golden Clubmoss.
Where is best to place terrariums?
Terrariums need as much sunlight as possible; they grow best
on windowsills or anywhere in direct sunlight.
Where can I buy terrariums?
Flowers at Moor Street! We deliver locally in and around
Birmingham; you can click or collect or you can order online, click below;